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2018年4月14日雅思考试内容解析
来源:  时间:2018-04-21 06:01  浏览:

原标题:2018年4月14日雅思考试内容解析

4月14日雅思考试内容回忆:听力部分出现了多选题和地图题,难度较大;阅读部分三篇新题,选择题和list of headings题量占比却较大。部分考生反应第三篇来不及做,所以大家考试时还是要加强时间的把控。

* 本文内容来自考生回忆,仅供参考,欢迎补充

听力

一、考试概述:

本场考试的听力部分填空20题,选择类20题,但是出现了多选和地图,难度较大,填空中也有几题需要注意单词的拼写。

Section 1:咨询——罂粟花山丘,10填空

Section 2:介绍——广播站地点,4选择6地图

Section 3:讨论——语言学习,6单选 4多选

Section 4:学术——城郊比较,10填空

二、具体题目分析:

Section 1 咨询——罂粟花山丘

10填空

1. The best watch time is the end of the months

2. The poppy mountain was covered with colorfulness of orange

3. Located at the East of the island

4. This park is a state park

5. Bring your trousers to protect snakes

6. Activity item: general tour

7. Viewpoint of museum center

8. Time: 1 hour

9. 5.30 am to 1.00 pm

10. To bring the tri-pods and zoom lens of camera

Section 2 介绍——广播站地点

4选择6地图

11. The most popular course this year is C foreign language class

12. The most difficult one is A organization skill

13. The purpose of this town center radio station: B entertainment for young people

14. The community was firstly for A caravan

15. Cafeteria - C

16. Store room - B

17. Practice studio - G

18. Cup cleaning - D

19. Waiting room - H

20. Control room - E

Section 3 讨论——语言学习

6单选 4多选

21. The research report was based on installed recording equipment in each room

22. When doing the experience Ben: moral aspect as without the child’s permission

23. What part of experiment conclusion Ben questioned: parents’ simplified language is effective in a long run

24. What the computer can be used to: make speech and behaviors analysis

25. What about Milteda’s most effective way of learning French: learning grammar

26. What Ben like to learn dialogue by role play: because Ben is confident in speaking

27. B diaries

28. E observation

29. C technical errors

30. E interruption

Section 4 学术——城郊比较

10填空

31. noise

32. population

33. water

34. coal

35. history

36. balance

37. dairy

38. entertainment

39. infrastructures

40. electricity

阅读

一、 考试概述:

本次考试的文章是三篇新题,第一篇是关于英国剧院的发展史的,第二篇讲英国白蜡树的顶梢枯死这种疾病,第三篇是讲人类行为的。本次考试难度较大的配对题考查题量小,但是考生觉得难度大的选择题和list of headings题量占比却较大。部分考生反应第三篇来不及做,所以大家考试时还是要加强时间的把控。

二、具体题目分析

Passage 1:

题目:History of theaters in Britain

题型:表格填空题6+判断题7

新旧程度:新题

文章大意:主要讲英国剧院的历史发展

参考文章:

History of theaters in Britain

British theatre has a rich history, from playwrights like William Shakespeare to actors like Laurence Olivier. Today audiences still love to go to the theatre to be entertained and challenged, hearing ideas that may not be expressed anywhere else.

But it wasn't always like that. Initially theatre was used by the church and royalty to spread their ideas. Gradually it became a vehicle to make everyone's voice heard. So how did this come about?

During the upheaval of the medieval period the church used religious stories as a way of controlling and distracting the country.

Theatre essentially grew out of this religious storytelling. Entertaining the public became necessary especially after the trauma of the Black Death. Plays took the form of mystery cycles and miracle plays. Mystery cycles dramatised stories from the Bible, while miracle plays told stories about the lives of saints. Parishes created these plays in order to communicate moral lessons to society. Through these organised performances, the concept of theatre began to take root in Britain.After centuries of religious inspiration for theatre, Henry VIII banned all religious performances to prevent plays from spreading Catholicism. He had set up his own church – the Church of England – and demanded his people follow this faith instead. Post Reformation plays instead aimed to entertain influential people and foreign VIPs. Theatre flourished in the 16th Century and The Theatre, one of the first purpose- built playhouses, opened its doors in London in 1576.

After the English Civil War, theatres experienced more restrictions. King Charles II saw theatre as a way to establish control over the country. While in exile he saw how Louis XIV managed and controlled French theatre and Charles copied his approach by issuing royal patents to just two theatres. This restricted dramatic opportunity as only these two could perform serious drama and the remaining theatres had to perform comedy or melodrama instead. Patented theatre became known as legitimate theatre and non-patented theatre as illegitimate theatre. But progress was seen when Margaret Hughes became the first woman on stage in 1660.

Despite the restrictions of the royal patents, theatre began to satirise the government. In response politicians tightened theatrical censorship. Tipped over the edge by plays attempting to ridicule him, Robert Walpole, the first ever Prime Minister, introduced the 1737 Licensing Act. It gave the Lord Chamberlain – a senior government adviser - the power to stop plays being performed. With dramatic creativity effectively stifled, writers turned to novels or illegitimate theatre for creative freedom. Despite an amendment in 1843, the act remained in place and in use until 1968.

Ten years later, David Garrick’s theatrical innovations marked the point when actors, writers and other theatre makers began to take control. David Garrick was an actor and manager who introduced sweeping changes. Actors were subjected to new and intensive rehearsal techniques and audiences were discouraged from sitting on the stage, as the rich used to do. He was also a champion of Shakespeare and his debut performance on the London stage as Richard III made him an overnight star. Garrick was responsible for radical stylistic advances in acting. He brought more emotion and realism to the exaggerated expressions of the time.

In the Victorian era theatre's popularity meant the patent system no longer worked. So it was ended in 1843 allowing more opportunities in drama. TW Robertson was one playwright to benefit from this. He presented the audience with realistic sets, everyday stories and natural dialogue. His representations of domestic realism became known as ‘cup and saucer dramas’: one of his greatest successes was Caste, a play about rank and social classes. The end of the patent system allowed theatre to develop artistically. It set the stage for playwrights such as Oscar Wilde who like Robertson tended to focus on the lives of the privileged.

Interest in the arts grew in post-war Britain and audiences were keen to see stories that they identified with. ‘Kitchen sink’ dramas provided them. Almost a century on from Robertson’s naturalist plays, this new style of play, showed working class life in a level of detail that was still unusual. Men Should Weep by Ena Lamont Stewart premiered in 1947 and told a bleak tale of poverty in 1930s Glasgow. Also in the 1950s writers like John Osborne and Shelagh Delaney were acclaimed for the social realism of their work. The success of Lamont Stewart and Delaney helped pave the way for other women to make their voices heard on the stage.

During the 20th Century, more changes happened off stage when the role of the director became the key creative force. The notion of a directors’ theatre began in Europe and spread to Britain. Sir Peter Hall is one of Britain’s most celebrated directors. In 1955 he directed the first English language production of Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot, which cemented his reputation. His vision also created the blueprint for the Royal Shakespeare Company, a defining moment in British theatre history. Despite his creative innovations he was still restricted by the censorship laws.

By the swinging 60s, not only was the power of theatre in the hands of theatre makers, but it had begun to challenge authority.

Until it ended in 1968 theatres avoided the constraints of government censorship by trading as private clubs. The freedom this gave them allowed much more challenging and radical subject matter to be tackled. Plays such as Sartre’s Huis Clos – which was set in Hell and featured a homosexual character – were staged. One of the leading theatres of this movement was Edinburgh’s Traverse theatre.

As the 21st Century dawned, theatre continued to evolve as a vehicle for challenging the establishment and pushing boundaries. Black Watch, which premiered at the 2006 Edinburgh Festival Fringe, told the story of the Iraq War through the eyes of soldiers from the Black Watch regiment. The play did exactly what the government feared in 1737 and challenged those in power by holding British politicians accountable for the suffering of the soldiers. It was theatre at its controversial and arresting best – a far cry from the restrictive and controlling theatre of the past.

While playwrights have more freedom than ever before, some issues around race and religion have proved problematic for theatres to navigate. Religious outrage forced the closure of Behzti at the Birmingham Repertory Theatre in 2004. The play sparked riots due to the staging of a rape and murder in a Sikh temple. And in 2015 a National Youth Theatre play called Homegrown, about Islamic radicalisation in a London school, was cancelled days before opening. But despite the difficulties, British theatre continues to reflect modern life, telling stories and challenging taboos.

参考答案:

表格填空题:

1. wood

2. roof

3. playhouses

4. fire

5. concrete

6. bioscope

判断题:

7. TRUE

8. FALSE

9. FALSE

10. FALSE

11. TRUE

12. NOT GIVEN

13. TRUE

Passage 2:

题目: Ash Tree Dieback

题型:List of Headings 7+多选题2+填空题4

新旧程度:新题

文章大意:主要讲白蜡树顶梢枯死(dieback)的这种病对英国的影响,以及如何短期和长期内如何处理这种疾病

参考文章:

暂无

参考答案:

List of Headings:

14. vii

15. viii

16. iii

17. i

18. v

19. ii

20. iv

多选题:

21. A

22. D

填空题:

23. wind

24. Denmark

25. place names

26. breed

Passage 3:

题目:What makes us human?

题型:判断题5+选择题5+配对题4

新旧程度:新题

文章大意:通过科学研究人类行为来讨论人类何以为人

参考文章:

暂无

参考答案:

判断题:

27. YES

28. NOT GIVEN

29. NO

30. NOT GIVEN

31. NO

单选题:

32. B

33. A

34. C

35. D

36. D

配对题:

37. E

38. C

39. F

40. A

写作

TASK 1

The table gives information of 5 types of product exported from Hong Kong in 2009 and 2010.

Word count(191)

The table illustrates the value of five types of goods exported from Hong Kong in 2009 and 2010 and compares the percentage of change in these two years.

Firstly, it is obvious that the two years period witnessed a downward trend of exportation of clothing and machinery. Specifically speaking, the value of clothing exported decreased significantly from 6.5 billion HK dollars to 5.2 billion HK dollars by 20%. By contrast, there was only a marginal fall in the value of exported machinery, decreasing from 5 billion by 4%.

Secondly, we can also see that the value of exported metals, telecommunications and manufacturing equipment increased generally. To be specific, the value of exported metals more than doubled from 2.3 billion HK dollars to 5.1 HK dollars. Meanwhile, the value of telecommunications increased dramatically to 11.6 billion HK dollars by 48.1%, overtaking that of manufacturing equipment (11.7 billion HK dollars) and becoming the highest among these five types of goods.

Overall, although the value of specific exported goods fluctuated obviously in these two years, the total export in Hong Kong increased from 32 billion HK dollars to 38.4 billion HK dollars by 20%.

TASK 2

题目类别:社会类

提问方式:观点类

考试题目:

Governments should make people responsible for looking after their own local environment. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

(Word count: 274)

There is an ongoing debate about the appropriate role of government for solving local environmental problems. While many environmentalists call for increasing government intervention, I personally agree with the idea that government should encourage individuals to play a role in protecting their own local environment.

Initially, local civilians, if work together, can realize their full potential to protect the local environment. As residents always greatly outnumber civil servants, even small amounts of each individual’s effort may have dramatic effects on the environment. For example, local dwellers are able to keep their community clean by not throwing trash randomly on the road. And it results in a virtuous cycle since less people tend to leave small pieces of unwanted trash on such a clean block. Similarly, they should avoid brushing anything on walls in public place so as to keep a safe and clean environment.

However, this is not to say that government should do nothing. The accountability of raising public awareness on environmental issues lies on government. That means it should promote the idea of protecting the environment and guide local residents to contribute. Furthermore, government should also contribute in some other ways since it is regarded as a provider of goods and services that individuals cannot provide. Therefore, in the case of introducing factories that emit large number of pollutants, local officials should make a wise decision and take environment protection into account.

In conclusion, both government and local people as a whole have their own strengths in order to promote environmental sustainability and action should be taken from both sides.

口语

一、考试整体概述:

以下为4月份本场高频题,请考生扎实准备

1. Describe a river that is important to your country

2. Describe a time you had to save money

3. Describe a special day out which didn’t cost a lot

4. Describe a letter that is important to you

5. Describe a product you bought recently that you are happy with

二、本场难题及解析

Describe a new skill that cannot be learned at school

You should say:

What it is

How would learn it

Where you can learn it

and explain why you want to learn it.

Speaking of a new skill I want to learn, the first thing that bumped into my mind is to learn how to climb mountain, because it is a good work-out as it exercises every muscle in my body and it is good way to keep me in good health. Actually, the reason that I want to learn this is because one time I didn’t have a clue about what is rock climbing and how to climb rock, so some of my colleagues just made fun of me. As a result, I really want to learn it well. Although it is hazardous and it gets hurt easily and I also had poor body coordination, I decide to make up mine mind to learn it backwards and forwards. To begin with, I need to find an instructor to teach me. Also, he needs to talk to me patiently. What’s more importantly, what I need to do is to make up mine mind to get rid of my fear, coz I have acrophobia. The reason why I really want to learn it is probably because as for me, it is kind of like an ultimate challenge for me. I think every time when I’m climbing, my blood will be boiling. Overcoming such a challenge will give an overwhelming sense of satisfaction.

来源:IELTS在线返回搜狐,查看更多

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